African Refugee Camp Documentary [Dadaab Camp Kenya]  [HD] [Subtitle] [Documentary Films] [Top & Best Documentary]
Dadaab (well known African refugee camp) is a town in the county of Garissa, Kenya. Near the Somali border, it is known to be the center of a series of refugee camps, which together constitute “the largest refugee camp in the world.”
In total, the Dadaab count nearly 500 000 refugees in mid-2012.
Creation and organization of the Dadaab refugee camps:
The “Dadaab refugee camp” is actually a set of camps around Dadaab: Ifo camps of Dagahaley, Hagadera and, since 2011, Kambios camps, Ifo2 and Ifo3. These camps are located in an area of approximately 50 square kilometers within 18 kilometers of Dadaab.
The first three Dadaab refugee camps (situated in Kenya, Africa) were established in the early 1990s refugees from the civil war in Somalia were first attached to Ifo where UNHCR has established a camp in September 1991. Faced with increasing Ifo population, UNHCR oversaw the creation of Hagadera camp, opened in March 1992 and Dagahaley, opened in June 1992.
The camp management was provided from creation by UNHCR with the humanitarian organization CARE as main partner. The lead agency for food is the World Food Programme (WFP). The problems of waste management environment are mainly managed by the German technical cooperation agency GTZ for development. In 2011, 25 humanitarian organizations were active in Dadaab, coordination of their activities being provided by UNHCR.
Evolution of the population of the camps:
In 2004, an estimated 144,000 the number of refugees in the region of Dadaab: 52,200 in Ifo, 51,900 to Hagadera 34,500 in Dagahaley and 5200 in the town of Dadaab, a total of 240 000 refugees for across Kenya.
In 2006, the region was the victim of floods that cut off the only access road to the town and the camps. The floods destroyed about two thousand homes in Ifo camp, requiring the resettlement of over ten thousand refugees.
From 2007, the number of refugees has increased considerably and the camp population has doubled in less than two years.
In 2008, the Kenyan authorities closed the border with Somalia and newcomers settled without being registered. The camp welcomed over 58 000 new refugees in 2008.
In January 2009, the camp population was estimated at nearly 250 0005; in 2010 it reached 300,000, while the three camps Hagadera, Ifo and Dagahaley had originally planned to host 90 000 people.
The camp population has increased significantly in 2011 following the food crisis of 2011 in the Horn of Africa. In July 2011, an estimated 439,000 total camp population and more than 1 000 people the number of new refugees arriving every day. In July 2011, thousands of refugees were temporarily installed in the Ifo3 camp, under-equipped and lacking hospital structure, while Ifo2 camp nearby and equipped with wells, latrines, showers, electricity, shelters and schools; inoccupé6 remained. This Ifo2 camp had been set up following the 2007 floods with the help of the Norwegian Refugee Council (Norwegian Refugee Council). But its opening was delayed due to administrative and legal problems with the Kenyan authorities. It became operational at the end of 2011.
Dadaab (situated in Kenya, Africa) became the largest refugee camp in the world. At the end of September 2011, 453,277 refugees were registered not HCR7, which must be added thousands who were not yet. In late 2011, the flow of refugees continued but on a smaller scale. In February 2012, 463,023 refugees were enregistrés8; in May 2012, they were 465 611. With unregistered refugees, the total in mid-2012 approached the half million9, while the number of Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa over a million in July 2012 .
The refugees in the Dadaab camps (situated in Kenya, Africa) are mainly (95 to 98%) nationals of Somalia, most Somalis (mostly Darod clans) Muslim, but also members of various ethnic minorities of Somalia, including the Bantu (Jareer , Gosha or Mushunguli). There are also a small number of refugees of various nationalities: Sudan, Ethiopia, Congo, Rwanda, Uganda, often chrétiens11. The local population is mainly Somali Kenyan nationality.
Problems of the African camps, especially Dadaab : As in most refugee camps in Africa, the major immediate problems are malnutrition, health, sanitation and housing.
The creation of the camps was followed very quickly by the rapid deforestation throughout the region.
Security in the area has always been precarious. The vehicles of humanitarian organizations are often attacked. Moving at night is dangerous and a curfew was introduced.
A recurring problem is the insecurity that women and children face.
Employment opportunities are limited. Dadaab refugees are mainly nomadic pastoralists who lost everything fleeing Somalia. Most have left their flocks in Somalia or were lost en route.
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